During my thirty-year career teaching Latin, people asked me one question more than any other. We know how the Roman Catholic Church pronounces Latin, but how did the original native speakers, the Ancient Romans, pronounce it? Obviously, we can’t go back two thousand years in a time machine and make a tape recording, but we can reconstruct the sounds of the spoken language by following many clues.
Firstly, Latin poetry was written to be read aloud. We should therefore expect an abundance of sound effects in the Aeneid, written by Virgil (70-19 BC), during the last eleven years of his life. A common literary device was onomatopoeia, where the sound of a word is strongly suggestive of its meaning. Simple examples in English might be: crash; thud; hoot; wail. In the first book of the Aeneid, Virgil describes a storm at sea, which swallows up an entire ship: “torquet agens circum et rapidus vorat aequore vertex.” (I: 117). “The peaked wave spins and twists it round, snatches it and swallows it up in the sea.” If we were to insist on the English convention of pronouncing the letter v as in English, all Virgil’s mastery of onomatopoeia would go for nothing. If, however, we treat the letter v as a consonantal u and pronounce it as a w, we can hear the “bloop bloop bloop” of the sinking ship in the last three words. This tells us that the joke in “1066 and All That” about Caesar describing his enemies as “weeny, weedy and weaky” is not quite as loony as it first appears (he described his lightning-quick victory at the Battle of Zela 42 BC in the famous words “veni, vidi, vici: I came; I saw: I conquered”).
Secondly, the Romans, just like everybody else, made spelling mistakes. There is a wall in Pompeii, covered in Latin graffiti. The name “Hortesius” is mentioned. We know there was a common family name “Hortensius” in Ancient Rome, but the Pompeian graffiti artist spelled it as he heard it. This goes a long way to explaining how the Latin word for “table” (mensa) ended up as “mesa” in modern Spanish, as well as the Italian istruzioni, which in English has its N.
Thirdly, there is transliteration, where Roman names, originally written in the Latin alphabet, are represented in Ancient Greek texts by spellings using the Greek alphabet. The most famous instance is “Cicero” the famous Roman orator and politician. Was he “Kikero” or “Sisero”? In modern English, we call him “Sisero”, but the Ancient Greek historian Polybius used the Greek letter kappa to tell his readers about “Kikero”.
I’m going to leave it at that for now and wish everyone well. Stay safe.
Before I had children, I was quite happy to be a passenger in a car and be driven around by someone else willing to accept the responsibility of getting us both safely to wherever we were going. With the arrival of my son and daughter, however, there came a ‘Damascene’ moment, when I looked into the future and saw other blokes ferrying their own kids and mine to swimming clubs and birthday parties, while I would be a fairly useless dad, unable to return the favour. With this cringeworthy vision in mind, I resolved to learn to drive. I can now proudly claim to have been the family taxi-driver for the last 38 years.
What has this to do with learning another language? The answer is pretty obvious. It is possible to be a ‘passenger’ and just let people of other nationalities learn English, so that they take the responsibility and make all the effort. This, bad though it may be, seems to be the attitude of most native speakers of English. Do we want to rely on other nationalities to do all the work and should we not at least make an effort to meet them halfway? I would hope the answer is a red-faced ‘No’.
Are there any reasons, other than being shamed into it, for learning languages? Of course there are. We humans are naturally acquisitive. As a child, I loved collecting picture cards from Brooke Bond tea, gluing them into an album and proudly poring over my completed sets. I also collected words, both English and non-English. Maybe I was, to say the least, atypical, but when I was at primary school I found myself collecting the ‘complete sets’ of the numbers 1 to 10 in as many languages as I could, tabulating them, learning them by heart and, perhaps most important of all, observing the similarities between ‘un, deux, trois, quatre’, ‘un, dos, tres, cuatro’ and ‘uno, due, tre, quattro’. At one time, I could count up to twenty in thirty-six languages. When I went to secondary school and discovered Latin, the basis of modern Romance Languages and the root of over ten thousand English words, the lightbulb flashed on in my head and has never switched off. Over the next sixty years, I made it my business to learn as many languages as I could. The count stands at nine so far, although I must admit that most of them would need a lot of polishing up even after the rust is scraped off.
Along the way in this linguistic Odyssey, I have come across one mini-treasure after another. Perhaps the best way to illustrate this is to look at the idioms that various languages present and to let them put cartoon-like pictures into your head. I don’t think I’ll ever look at a dragonfly the same way ever since I learned that, in Basque, it is a ‘witch’s needle’, or a hotel in the same way ever since I found that, in Greek, it is a ‘container for foreigners’. When Italians are furious with someone, they ‘wear the devil for a hat’ and in Latin, one might fish for compliments ‘with a golden hook’.
I am going to sign off now, with the promise of more musings to come. In the meantime, don’t just rely on other people to translate for you. Looking at the world through the eyes of speakers of other languages is like being colour-blind and then suddenly being dazzled by a rainbow.
George N Littlejohn
COVID-19 BLISS Summer School Update.
24th March 2020
Firstly, our thoughts are with those who are affected by this global pandemic. We really are in unprecedented times.
We are working in accordance with the guidelines form the UK government, we ceased travel in February and we are now working from home. We are healthy and we hope you, reading this, are too.
Our start date is 28th June 2020. We are working hard to get everything in place and ready for our first arrivals on that date. We will be operating from 28th June to 2nd August. We are doing everything we can to ensure our summer provision will not be interrupted for you.
However, the health and wellbeing of our students, staff and parents is our first priority. It is an ever-evolving crisis and the advice we are given changes daily. We are aware, of course, of the travel restrictions which currently would affect most of our students. However, please rest assured plans are underway for summer, and we will do all we can to go ahead.
Excursions are being booked and planned, supplies bought, returning staff are in place and room allocations are being done. This summer is set to be the best one yet; we have many new students enrolled who will be meeting up with our returning students, who we are looking forward to seeing again.
As is prudent, we will be revising this statement, in accordance with UK government guidance.
Stay safe, stay home.
Managing Director, BLISS
I became an English Language consultant in 2018, 17 years after I taught my first English class. I did what many people did, I lived the dream, well my dream anyway, I just never stopped!
Back in 2001, after having finished university and not really knowing what to do what the rest of forever, I took a plane to Naples, with my best friend. He was there to keep me company for a week and then he was coming back home. That was the plan, and that was always the plan.
That was a moment… and even now when tough times arise, I think back to me standing there in Naples airport. Completely alone for the first time in my life. Waving off my best friend in the world, knowing my family were in Scotland wishing I was too. How did I do that? Well, I don’t really know. But I did and so started my relationship with the English language.
As a novice teacher I made all the usual mistakes, I spoke too fast, I didn’t know my own grammar well enough and I thought I was too young to teach. I had no experience to tell me anything different. Most of my courses were in businesses, so my students were generally in their forties or fifties, which was daunting to me in my twenties. I couldn’t speak Italian so I had to evoke the primary TEFL rule – only English in the classroom! And everywhere else as it turned out!
I slowly started to learn my second language, through everyday situations. I went to the supermarket and learned what a “busta” was, as a plastic bag was waggled in my direction. “Il resto” was not thrust into my hand as would happen in the UK but left on the counter for me to embarrassingly slowly pick up, coin by tiny coin. I learned through experience, I learned how to pay bills in Italy, to have a bank account, to start friendships, to have waiter service in a pub. Everything was different, but then again so were the words I was using to function in this Brave New World. I started to think in Italian and I started to um and ah in Italian, as we do in our first language. It wasn’t an uphill stroll, improving day by day. Every day in the sunshine was an extra verb learned – far from it. My colleagues and friends spoke Italian, many had been there for a while or they had studies the language at uni or something similar, I was starting from zero (well, I had ciao and pizza pretty well embedded!). There were days, many days, I just thought nope. I can’t do this. It’s beyond me. I just can’t.
Often, I would look at my English teacher colleagues and I would be kinda awestruck. We were all there, living a fairly normal life, we all had jobs, a house, paid our bills and we were all functioning in 2 languages. I too moved into that group. My language picked up momentum and I started to converse fluently, I wasn’t daunted by a new situation and oh how proud I was when my family and friends visited from Scotland! Even today I sometimes still dream in Italian. An Italian friend told me once (best compliment ever!) “you trip over the words the Italians don’t even know”. That guy was one of my good friends over there (not because he said that!!) he couldn’t speak even one word of English.
Teaching English as a Foreign Language changed my life. There are no doubts about it. I progressed through my career in Naples teaching in private and state schools, businesses, at the University of Naples, I taught everywhere. I loved it. Then, when I was offered the opportunity to manage a school in the centre of Naples, with my own wee team, I jumped at the chance. It created a new need in me. I didn’t realise it at the time, but I needed to have my own school and that was where I was going. The big boss management of my Naples school were all in Milan and popped down once every few months to check in, so I basically ran the school the way I wanted to and I loved it. I learned about customer service, about loyalty to and from staff. Having been a teacher for years I knew about the difficulties inside the classroom, but this new adventure taught me about the journey a student goes through to get into the classroom.
Scotland was calling. I delayed coming home as I didn’t know how I would cope and what I would do. Many of us do that, many of those guys that inspire awe.
But home I went, to face the biggest challenge yet. I was lucky enough to land a role that saw me managing an EFL summer school. I had to move an hour from home (that’s fine, still the same land mass after all), and there I started to learn about a whole other world, with TEFL at its heart.
Together with my staff, many of whom are still with me today, we grew our summer school until the host school couldn’t cope. Until the dining hall had to be staggered and the theatre had to be rota’d. Until I annoyed people with the summer school’s success! I managed a team of six + teachers, all the activity and residential staff and I loved it. I had 22 nationalities one year, not even the biggest year, I was really proud of it and I poured everything into it. My self and my soul and you know, it was never even like work.
My experience in and out of the classroom gave me the understanding of how each student came to our school and ultimately what they wanted out of the time they spent with us. I was the happy host of happy children, with a few mum’s tears in the background. I went to an industry conference and one agent told another agent that my language school was “the best there is”.
And what of my Italian? It’s part of who I am now and eight years after having left Italy full-time, I gave a presentation to a school. In Italian. I am not telling you I didn’t make mistakes, I am not telling you I wasn’t anxious beforehand, I did and I was. But I did it and they clapped and understood.
I learned Italian through Natural Acquisition. The natural use of the language, with a focus on communication and the rhythm of the language. Fundamentally it’s how babies learn their first language, listen, recognise, repeat, practise, repeat. Our summer school, through all of this experience and understanding is based on the same principle. That is how we remember, that is how it becomes ingrained.
At BLISS, we too are students, we are language learners, we have been away from our families in the quest for adventure and learning, we have had to make new friends, we sometimes felt like everything was new and incomprehensible. We have the empathy and understanding through this personal experience to create a safe, nurturing and supportive learning environment, because that’s what we do. That’s how we learn.
And what of me now? I left my bursting-at-the-seams school and well, I told you that I became a language consultant, I did. I did that for a moment and I still do, I am also a teacher trainer. I love to do that, setting off new teachers onto their own journey. That’s a privilege. I also got my qualifications to be the Academic Manager of our own school. I write the syllabus, I train the teachers and I observe the classes. Why wouldn’t I? It is part of my fabric now, it’s who I am, it is what I do. It is also how we gained British Council Accreditation.
And deep down, it is what makes me me, having my own school, just like back in Naples. But now, it is in Scotland. It is flourishing and it is growing. The flowerpot that is our school is bigger than before, so we have room to grow.
Every day I speak with people who have legitimate concerns about sending children abroad to learn, and every day we register another student or group on our system.
Teaching English as a Foreign Language changed my life away back in 2001 and continues to enrich me day by day. That’s the reason I have dedicated my career to language teaching and that is why I will continue. And you know what? Italian made me walk the walk, and ultimately talk the talk.
And it’s not even like work.
Suzanne Brown, BLISS Director
This summer we have really pushed the boat out, literally. We have seen how much our students loved being outdoors and trying things they hadn't done before, so we decided to make these experiences a full afternoon option.
Outdoor Adventure sees BLISS team up with a local activity centre, who welcome hundreds of Scottish boys and girls every year to their centre. These guys are the experts in everything adventurous and outdoorsy!
We will be running this programme all the way through summer and you will have 4 days offsite and one day onsite, with this option. Coordinated by our very own Jorge, who is working with the activity centre, we will see our students learn to Paddle board, Kayak, go Aqua -Zorbing, try out archery too to name a few things! All of this with the dramatic Perthshire scenery as a backdrop.
This is an excellent way for students to learn outdoor skills, as well as team building and practical skills too. All, of course, in English.
There is ample opportunity to mix with local students too, as we will all be learning together. On our one day onsite, we will be taking full advantage of our outdoor classroom that we have at Glenalmond College. And we are absolutely sure we will relax into long summery evenings, by the camp fire, toasting marshmallows.
This option is available in all weeks from 28th June to 2nd August 2020
My name is Hannah and I am so looking forward to working at BLISS this summer! I am a secondary school History teacher, so I work with children all year round, which I love! I love teaching children new skills and giving them new experiences – so an international summer school is the perfect job for me! I am most looking forward to the discos, games and showing children the fabulous sights that Scotland has to offer!
This is my fourth summer working on Suzanne’s team and my second year at Brownlee as Lead Residential - I cant wait to meet this year’s students and seeing students from previous summers!! If you have any questions, please just find me and ask!
My name is Rachael and I am really excited to be joining BLISS this year! I am really looking forward to meeting a new group of children and showing them around the gorgeous Glenalmond College campus. I am a secondary school French and Spanish student teacher, as well as an English teacher, so I love working with young people and watching them learn a new language!
I have been teaching English for 5 years now, and this will be my 3rd summer working with Suzanne. My favourite thing about camp is seeing all the friendships that are made, I can’t wait to meet everyone and maybe sing my heart out at the disco. See you in June!
The ST Star Awards, now in their 15th year, celebrate outstanding education provision and service within the study travel industry.
Winners will be revealed at an exciting awards ceremony, held on 5 September 2020 during ST Alphe UK and we would love to win a shiny award of ST Star NEW SCHOOL
BLISS was only an idea in 2108, a reality in 2019 and hitting milestones in 2020! We would love to win in the category of ST Star New School, as we have industry experience, British Council Accreditation and we are building on our reputation day by day and fundamentally, we are helping international students make memories in summer in Scotland.
Voting is very easy:
Thank you so much for taking the time to register your support for us.
Thank you for choosing our school!
Why Learn English?
There are many points that we could discuss about the benefits of learning a second language: mental expansion and stimulation; job opportunities; ease of travel - the list goes on.
But if you really want to know why you should learn English, visit Denmark!
I used to be a little annoyed when, as a native English speaker, I couldn’t go anywhere without someone answering my brash attempt at (insert language here) with a reply in much better English than I was attempting in (language).
Then I went to Denmark. Everything was very – well, Danish! A huge sense of identity and pride in their heritage, culture and language. And then there was English. Gone are the days when, half embarrassed / half relieved, you had to ask if the person standing in front of you spoke English, just so that you could ask for a pastry. (Oh my, you should ask for a pastry!)
In Denmark, everyone, I mean everyone, speaks English. It is used as a means of communication with us tourists, with visitors and those who also speak English as their second language. No one seems to bat an eyelid that everyone there is bilingual – at least. It is taken for granted. From the elderly fellow at the market stall selling me Glogg, to the youngsters in the street, and the staff in the shops. No one shrugged their shoulders when we defaulted to English.
I have been lucky enough to travel a bit and I have many fond memories of my miscommunications in Italy, Brazil and with that lady in the supermarket in Japan - I’ll tell you about that one day. Not to mention the pharmacy conversation I had in Moscow, no idea what about, but it went pretty well…
After about three hours in Copenhagen, I stopped asking the question. “Of course!” was the reply I got every time. From a linguistic point of view, I was gobsmacked. Danish people speak amazingly well in English. There – I’ve said it. But it got me to thinking about why their English is so good? Reading up on it, I see that Danish and English are similar. Great – why don’t I speak Danish then? So, it can’t be that simple. Danish students start school at 6 or 7, so they start early? Wait, I started school at 5, others start at 4, so it can’t be that. So, what is it? Reading further, it seems that English as a Foreign Language is a strong subject, like maths or science. “Compulsory” was a word I read many times. Having been an EFL teacher abroad, I was really dismayed to see, back in the noughties, that children at high school were given text books to study, about the works of our wonderful Mr Shakespeare, which is fantastic, but doesn’t help you understand a visitor to your country. Unless they come from the 16th or 17th century, of course.
I feel that the Danes got it right and I am sure many other countries have too. They have focussed on communication skills, less gap fills and more situational use of English. This is what we do in BLISS. I have seen many students come to us from all over and go home excelling and outperforming in English back home, because that is what we do when students are with us. Gone are the texts from the 17th century, arrived are storyboards, debates, presentation skills, CV writing and how to use the internet from the very start, all in English. And that is just in the classroom. Whether on the sports fields or at the disco, you have to request your song in English. The tuck shop helps you understand money in the UK and how to ask for things you need, in this super safe environment. BLISS students spend all their time speaking in English to us, each other and to the people they meet during their time with us. The effect of that is outstanding. It is the way I learned my second language and it is called Natural Acquisition. It works and it is the foundation of everything we do over summer school.
I was struck by the English of the Danes. The national average is probably perfect. From a native point of view, it made my stay there easy, comfortable and accessible. Thank you, Denmark and your bilingualism. It’s awe-inspiring.
Hi, my name is Daniel Hoyos Flight. I'm a dedicated English teacher and Managing Director of The English School, in Alicante, Spain. After almost 10 years of teaching experience in schools and summer camps in Spain and U.K., I'm delighted to have the opportunity of teaching at the summer camp 2020 at Glenalmond College Language School.
Last year I taught at the BLISS summer camp and found it to be a fantastic experience. Providing students with a great programme of learning and leisure activities gave me the great satisfaction of seeing how the students benefitted from having full-immersion in English and how they became so much more motivated to communicate in English in this fun environment.
As I am half Spanish and half Scottish.I have a cultural mix of which I am proud of and I enjoy introducing cultural customs and traditions as part of the learning process. I grew up between Spain and Scotland, and in fact have family roots in the beautiful city of Perth.
I graduated as an English teacher at the University in Madrid and gained the TESOL certificate in Barcelona. Apart from teaching, I have also worked as an Analyst in Business Consultancy. I have travelled around New Zealand, Brazil, Thailand and Europe and have acquired life experiences that complement my teaching skills. However, one of the trips that really impressed me was this year, when I visited the Highlands of Scotland and the capital city of Edinburgh! The spectacular scenery of the north and the history entailed in Edinburgh Castle, and the city itself (known as Athens of the north) is absolutely amazing. I was thrilled to see that one of the excursions at the summer camp is to St.Andrews, which is one of my favourite places. Apart, from having a world famous university, and the Royal Ancient Golf Club, the Himalaya putting Green and the West Sands beach are awesome.
I am currently involved in teaching and preparing children, teenagers and adults for Cambridge University English Exams. I really enjoy teaching as it allows me to combine my different skills and it is always challenging. Throughout my work teaching I have always believed in connecting with students in motivation, setting goals and combining work and fun.
Today, Universities and future employers are demanding a higher level of English, and encouraging students to be motivated and challenged is essential for their future success. This summer will provide the perfect ingredients to learn lots and have fun in the wonderful surroundings of the Scottish countryside. I look forward to meeting you all!
Glenalmond College could tempt you with our onsite golf course, 300 acres of perfect grounds, incredibly well maintained by staff. We could tempt you by the thought of spending your evenings outdoors, toasting marshmallows over a camp fire in our forest, or making pizza in our pizza ovens. There is a lot there to tempt you. But, you might prefer horse riding, aqua-zorbing, kayaking or just simply drawing a picture in a room filled with music, and that is just fine as there is plenty of time for that too.
Each student, as we have discussed, comes as an individual and so had their own tastes, likes and wants. Each student should choose the school that is right for them.
So, who should choose Glenalmond College Language School?
Students who know that they have many choices and can decide what they want to do, but they know that they and their future friends they will make at summer camp, will do something. There is no room for passivity, there is little time for staying in rooms. There is a lot of time to discover the school, make new friends and thunder through the grounds on a treasure hunt, created by Daniel, one of our teachers.
Our students, certainly the ones who return to us year after year, they know that we are a community. We all work to the same schedule and we all eat together, play together and learn together. We are the balance between summer and school. The corridors are filled with laughter, sometimes too loud and sometimes just a faint giggle, but it is the overarching heartbeat of our summer school.
Parents who wonder if this school would fit their children should consider; do they want to get involved? Are they happy to live as a team? Do they want to make new friends and memories to last a lifetime? *
The students who have been with us for summer in previous years, come to us usually shyly… after one or sometimes two days they have made new friends and are into everything; house drama, arts and crafts, excursions, lessons, baking, discos and the beloved tuck shop, to name a few elements.
Our summer school is unique, just like each student. It’s a feeling the student has when they arrive. The same feeling we had as kids. The excitement, the unknown, the joy! We know that feeling and we nurture it.
Glenalmond College is the school of choice, and of choices. Choose us and your students will make those memories, guaranteed.
*all memories will be made in English!!
We are English language experts. We think about English and the teaching of English, we implement that in our school. The BLISSful blog is an insight into English language summer schools and why we are different.